Vehicle Inspection Requirements by State (2021)

State Safety Inspection Emission Inspection VIN Inspection  Frequency Requirements Cost Other Alabama N/A N/A Sale or transfer of ownership N/A Take the vehicle to the county vehicle licensing office Part of $15–$23 registration fee N/A Alaska N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Arizona N/A Yes N/A Every 2 years All vehicles in Phoenix and Tucson metros Phoenix: $17, Tucson: $12.25 Timing: Phoenix: 2 years for vehicles year 1980 or newer, yearly otherwise, Tucson: 2 years for vehicles year 1996 or newer, yearly otherwise Arkansas N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A California N/A Yes Yes Every 2 years or upon registration renewal Emission: in most counties, gas vehicles more than 4 years old for year 1976 or newer; diesel vehicles year 1998 or newer; VIN: may require before registration Emission: depends on inspector; VIN: part of $62 fee check your county Colorado N/A Yes Yes Every 2 years Emission: gas vehicles at least 7 years old in the most populated counties Emission: $25; VIN: $20 Emission: check your county Connecticut N/A Yes Yes Every 2 years Emission: gas and hybrid vehicles at least 3 years old for year 1996 or newer; VIN: out-of-state vehicle before registration otherwise done on emissions test Emission: $20; VIN: $10 N/A Delaware Yes Yes N/A Every 2 years Safety and Emission: All vehicles at least 7 years old before registration/renewal Part of $40 registration fee Safety: pay special attention to your brakes and tires Florida N/A N/A VIN and odometer verification N/A N/A N/A N/A Georgia N/A Yes N/A Every year All vehicles 3–25 years old in some Atlanta metro counties $25  check your county Hawaii Yes N/A N/A Every year Brand-new vehicles exempt for the first 2 years; all others the stations inspect yearly Depends on inspector N/A Idaho N/A Yes Yes Every 2 years Emission: all gas and diesel vehicles at least 5 years old for year 1981 or newer in Ada and Canyon Counties and Kuna City Emission: $14; VIN: part of $45–$69 registration fee N/A Illinois N/A Yes Yes Every 2 years Emission: all gas vehicles at least 4 years old for year 1997 or newer in Chicago and St. Louis Metro East Emission: $20; VIN: part of emissions testing N/A Indiana N/A Yes Yes Every 2 years Emission: all gas vehicles at least 4 years old for year 1976 or newer in Lake and Porter Counties Emission: free; VIN: free N/A Iowa N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Kansas N/A N/A Yes N/A N/A $20  N/A Kentucky N/A N/A Yes N/A N/A $5  N/A Louisiana Yes Yes N/A Safety: every 1 year or 2 years Emission: every year Safety: all vehicles; Emission: all gas vehicles year 1980 or newer in the 5 Baton Rouge parishes Safety: $10 for 1 year, $20 for 2 years; Emission and Safety: $18 for 1 year N/A Maine Yes Yes N/A Safety: every 1 year Safety: all vehicles; Emission: vehicles registered in Cumberland County Safety: $12.50; Emission and Safety: $18.50 N/A Maryland Yes Yes N/A Every 2 years Safety: used vehicles before sale or transfer; Emission: all vehicles year 1996 or newer in 13 counties and Baltimore city Safety: depends on inspector; Emission: $14 Emission: check your county Massachusetts Yes Yes N/A Every year Safety: all vehicles; Emission: all vehicles less than 15 years old Safety and Emission: $35 N/A Michigan N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Minnesota N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Mississippi N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Missouri Yes Yes Yes Every 2 years Safety: all vehicles at least 11 years old or with 150,000 miles; Emission: all vehicles 4 years old with over 40,000 miles in Franklin County, Jefferson County, St. Charles County, St. Louis County, and St. Louis City Safety: $12; Emission: $24; VIN: part of $14.50 title fee N/A Montana N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Nebraska N/A N/A Yes N/A N/A $20  N/A Nevada N/A Yes Yes Every year Emission: All vehicles in Las Vegas and Reno metros, year 1968 or newer, that are at least 3 years old for gas or diesel, or at least 5 years old for hybrids  Emission: $50–$79 in Clark County, $50–$59 in Washoe County; VIN: part of $33 registration fee N/A New Hampshire Yes Yes N/A Every year Safety: all vehicles; Emission: all vehicles less than 20 years old Safety and Emission: depends on inspector N/A New Jersey N/A Yes N/A Every 2 years Emission: all gas vehicles year 1996 or newer or diesel vehicles year 1997 or newer Free or $2.50 from a private inspection facility N/A New Mexico N/A Yes Yes Every 2 years Emission: all gas vehicles at least 4 years old for year 1986 and newer in Bernalillo County Emission: depends on inspector, range is $15–$25 plus tax; VIN: part of $26–$140 registration fee N/A New York Yes Yes N/A Every year Safety: all vehicles; Emission: all vehicles 2–25 years old that use gas year 1996 or newer or diesel year 1997 or newer Safety: $10; Emission: $11 for vehicles year 1995 and older or outside NY metro, $27 in NY metro  both inspections are done at the same time North Carolina Yes Yes N/A Every year Safety: all vehicles less than 35 years old; Emission: all gas vehicles in 22 counties 3–20 years old or with over 70,000 miles Safety: $13.60; Safety and Emission: $30 check your county North Dakota N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Ohio N/A Yes Yes Every 2 years Emission: all vehicles 4–25 years old in 7 counties and the Cleveland/Akron metro Emission: free; VIN: $3.50 check your county Oklahoma N/A N/A Yes N/A N/A N/A N/A Oregon N/A Yes Yes Every 2 years Emission: all vehicles at least 3 years old for year 1975 or newer in Medford and Portland metros Emission: Portland: $25, Medford: $15; VIN and Emission: $7 for out-of-state vehicle plus Portland or Medford fee N/A Pennsylvania Yes Yes Yes Every year Safety: all vehicles; Emission: all gas vehicles that are at least a year old, with over 5,000 miles, year 1975 or newer in Norther, Pittsburgh, Philadelphia, South Central, and other counties Safety, Emission: depends on inspector; VIN: part of safety inspection Emission: check your county Rhode Island Yes Yes Yes Every 2 years Safety and Emission: all vehicles at least 2 years old Safety and Emission: $55; VIN: depends on the police department VIN: state police departments perform inspections South Carolina N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A South Dakota N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Tennessee N/A Yes N/A Every year all vehicles year 1975 or newer in Davidson, Hamilton, Rutherford, Sumner, Williamson, and Wilson Counties $9  N/A Texas Yes Yes N/A Every year Safety: all vehicles; Emission: all gas vehicles 2–24 years old in 17 counties Safety: $7; Safety and Emission: $18.50–$25.50 depends on county; Emission: $11.50–$18.50 depends on county Emission: check your county Utah N/A Yes N/A Every 2 years Emission: all vehicles at least 6 years old, that are gas year 1968 or newer or diesel year 1998 or newer, in Cache, Davis, Salt Lake, Utah, and Weber Counties Cache: $20, Davis: depends on inspector, Salt Lake and Utah: depends on inspector but averages $25, Weber: $30 N/A Vermont Yes Yes Yes Every year Safety: all vehicles; Emission: all vehicles 16 years old or newer  Safety and Emission: depends on inspector; VIN: part of $76–$132 registration fee N/A Virginia Yes Yes N/A Every year Safety: all vehicles; Emission: all gas vehicles 4–25 years old, and all diesel vehicles at least 4 years old year 1997 or newer, in Arlington, Fairfax, Loudoun, Prince William, Stafford, and 5 northern Virginia cities Safety: $20; Emission: $28 N/A Washington N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A West Virginia Yes N/A N/A Every year All vehicles $14.66  N/A Wisconsin N/A Yes N/A Every 2 years All 3 years or older, gas vehicles year 1996 or newer, all diesel vehicles year 2007 or newer, in Kenosha, Milwaukee, Ozaukee, Racine, Sheboygan, Washington, and Waukesha Counties Free N/A Wyoming N/A N/A Yes N/A N/A $10  N/A

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